In May 2017, the House of Representatives passed the Working Families Flexibility Act, which would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act to allow nonexempt employees in the private sector to choose to receive compensatory time (“comp time”) in lieu of overtime pay for hours worked in excess of 40 hours per week. Under current law, employers in the public sector must pay nonexempt employees a rate of at least one and one-half of their regular wage for each overtime hour worked. However, certain government employees can receive comp time in lieu of overtime pay.
The Working Families Flexibility Act would allow private sector employees who had worked at least 1,000 hours in a 12-month period to accrue up to 160 hours of compensatory time per year, at the rate of one and one-half hours of comp time for each overtime hour worked, which could be used upon reasonable notice by the employee as long as such use does not disrupt the employer’s operations. The decision of whether to receive overtime pay or comp time would be up to the individual employee or a collective bargaining agreement covering a group of employees, and any compensatory time accrued by the employee but unused by the end of the year would need to be paid to the employee. Additionally, any employee could, with 30 days’ notice, choose to cash out their unused comp time and return to traditional payment of overtime. Similarly, employers could, with 30 days’ notice, discontinue offering comp time as an alternative option to overtime pay. The bill states that employers may not intimidate, threaten, or coerce employees to choose to take comp time instead of overtime pay or force them to use accrued comp time. If enacted, this provision is one of the most likely to lead to litigation between employees and employers.
The bill is currently pending before the Senate, which may not have enough support to pass the bill. Proponents of the law believe that the bill would add flexibility for workers, while opponents believe that it would undermine the payment of overtime. Similar bills have been proposed in Congress previously, including as recently as 2013. However, the current bill has the support of the Trump administration. We will keep you updated on any further developments and, if passed, on techniques for implementation.